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MessageUtil.java

/* *******************************************************************
 * Copyright (c) 1999-2001 Xerox Corporation, 
 *               2002 Palo Alto Research Center, Incorporated (PARC).
 * All rights reserved. 
 * This program and the accompanying materials are made available 
 * under the terms of the Eclipse Public License v1.0 
 * which accompanies this distribution and is available at 
 * http://www.eclipse.org/legal/epl-v10.html 
 *  
 * Contributors: 
 *     Xerox/PARC     initial implementation 
 * ******************************************************************/

package org.aspectj.bridge;

import java.io.*;
import java.util.*;

import org.aspectj.bridge.IMessage.Kind;
import org.aspectj.util.*;

/**
 * Convenience API's for constructing, printing, and sending messages.
 */
00025 public class MessageUtil {
    
    // ------ some constant, content-less messages
    // no variants for "info" or "debug", which should always have content
    public static final IMessage ABORT_NOTHING_TO_RUN 
        = new Message("aborting - nothing to run", IMessage.ABORT, null, null);

    public static final IMessage FAIL_INCOMPLETE 
        = new Message("run not completed", IMessage.FAIL, null, null);

    public static final IMessage ABORT_NOMESSAGE 
        = new Message("", IMessage.ABORT, null, null);

    public static final IMessage FAIL_NOMESSAGE 
        = new Message("", IMessage.FAIL, null, null);

    public static final IMessage ERROR_NOMESSAGE 
        = new Message("", IMessage.ERROR, null, null);

    public static final IMessage WARNING_NOMESSAGE 
        = new Message("", IMessage.WARNING, null, null);
        
    
    /** handle abort message (ignored if handler is null) */
00049     public static boolean abort(IMessageHandler handler, String message) {
        return ((null != handler)
            && handler.handleMessage(abort(message)));
    }

    /** create and handle exception message (ignored if handler is null) */
00055     public static boolean abort(IMessageHandler handler, String message, Throwable t) {
      if (handler != null) return handler.handleMessage(abort(message, t));
      return false;
    }

    /** create and handle fail message (ignored if handler is null) */
00061     public static boolean fail(IMessageHandler handler, String message) {
        return ((null != handler)
            && handler.handleMessage(fail(message)));
    }

//    /** create and handle fail message from reader (ignored if handler is null) */
//    public static boolean fail(IMessageHandler handler, String message, LineReader reader) {
//        return ((null != handler)
//            && handler.handleMessage(fail(message, reader)));
//    }
    
    /** create and handle fail message (ignored if handler is null) */
00073     public static boolean fail(IMessageHandler handler, String message, Throwable thrown) {
        return ((null != handler)
            && handler.handleMessage(fail(message, thrown)));
    }

    /** create and handle error message (ignored if handler is null) */
00079     public static boolean error(IMessageHandler handler, String message) {
        return ((null != handler)
            && handler.handleMessage(error(message)));
    }

    /** create and handle warn message (ignored if handler is null) */
00085     public static boolean warn(IMessageHandler handler, String message) {
        return ((null != handler)
            && handler.handleMessage(warn(message)));
    }

    /** create and handle debug message (ignored if handler is null) */
00091     public static boolean debug(IMessageHandler handler, String message) {
        return ((null != handler)
            && handler.handleMessage(debug(message)));
    }

    /** create and handle info message (ignored if handler is null) */
00097     public static boolean info(IMessageHandler handler, String message) {
        return ((null != handler)
            && handler.handleMessage(info(message)));
    }

    /** @return ABORT_NOMESSAGE if message is empty or IMessage otherwise */ // 
00103     public static IMessage abort(String message) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(message)) {
            return ABORT_NOMESSAGE;
        } else {
            return new Message(message, IMessage.ABORT, null, null);
        }
    }

    /** @return abort IMessage with thrown and message o
     * ABORT_NOMESSAGE if both are empty/null */ // 
00113     public static IMessage abort(String message, Throwable thrown) {
        if (!LangUtil.isEmpty(message)) {
            return new Message(message, IMessage.ABORT, thrown, null);
        } else if (null == thrown) {
            return ABORT_NOMESSAGE;
        } else {
            return new Message(thrown.getMessage(), IMessage.ABORT, thrown, null);
        }
    }

    /** @return FAIL_NOMESSAGE if message is empty or IMessage otherwise */
00124     public static IMessage fail(String message) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(message)) {
            return FAIL_NOMESSAGE;
        } else {
          return new Message(message, IMessage.FAIL, null, ISourceLocation.EMPTY);

//            return fail(message, (LineReader) null);
        }
    }
    
    /** 
     * Create fail message.
     * If message is empty but thrown is not, use thrown.getMessage() as the message.
     * If message is empty and thrown is null, return FAIL_NOMESSAGE.
     * @return FAIL_NOMESSAGE if thrown is null and message is empty 
     * or IMessage FAIL with message and thrown otherwise 
     */
00141     public static IMessage fail(String message, Throwable thrown) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(message)) {
            if (null == thrown) {
                return FAIL_NOMESSAGE;
            } else {
                return new Message(thrown.getMessage(), IMessage.FAIL, thrown, null);
            }
        } else {
            return new Message(message, IMessage.FAIL, thrown, null);
        }
    }
    
    /** 
     * @return IMessage with IMessage.Kind FAIL and message as text 
     * and soure location from reader 
     */
//    public static IMessage fail(String message) {//, LineReader reader) {
//        ISourceLocation loc = null;
//        if (null == reader) {
//            loc = ISourceLocation.EMPTY;
//        } else {
//            int line = reader.getLineNumber();
//            if (0 < line) {
//                line = 0;
//            }        
//            loc = new SourceLocation(reader.getFile(), line, line, 0);
//        }
//        return new Message(message, IMessage.FAIL, null, ISourceLocation.EMPTY);
//    }

    /** @return ERROR_NOMESSAGE if message is empty or IMessage otherwise */ // 
00172     public static IMessage error(String message, ISourceLocation location) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(message)) {
            return ERROR_NOMESSAGE;
        } else {
            return new Message(message, IMessage.ERROR, null, location);
        }
    }

    /** @return WARNING_NOMESSAGE if message is empty or IMessage otherwise */ // 
00181     public static IMessage warn(String message, ISourceLocation location) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(message)) {
            return WARNING_NOMESSAGE;
        } else {
            return new Message(message, IMessage.WARNING, null, location);
        }
    }
    /** @return ERROR_NOMESSAGE if message is empty or IMessage otherwise */ // 
00189     public static IMessage error(String message) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(message)) {
            return ERROR_NOMESSAGE;
        } else {
            return new Message(message, IMessage.ERROR, null, null);
        }
    }

    /** @return WARNING_NOMESSAGE if message is empty or IMessage otherwise */ // 
00198     public static IMessage warn(String message) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(message)) {
            return WARNING_NOMESSAGE;
        } else {
            return new Message(message, IMessage.WARNING, null, null);
        }
    }

    /** @return IMessage.DEBUG message with message content */
00207     public static IMessage debug(String message) {
        return new Message(message, IMessage.DEBUG, null, null);
    }

    /** @return IMessage.INFO message with message content */
00212     public static IMessage info(String message) {
        return new Message(message, IMessage.INFO, null, null);
    }

//    /** @return ISourceLocation with the current File/line of the reader */
//    public static ISourceLocation makeSourceLocation(LineReader reader) {
//        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(reader, "reader");
//        
//        int line = reader.getLineNumber();
//        if (0 < line) {
//            line = 0;
//        }        
//        return new SourceLocation(reader.getFile(), line, line, 0);
//    }
    
    // ------------------------ printing messages
    /**
     * Print total counts message to the print stream, starting each on a new line
     * @param messageHolder
     * @param out
     */
00233     public static void printMessageCounts(PrintStream out, IMessageHolder messageHolder) {
        if ((null == out) || (null == messageHolder)) {
            return;
        }
        printMessageCounts(out, messageHolder, "");
    }
    
    public static void printMessageCounts(PrintStream out, IMessageHolder holder, String prefix) {
        out.println(prefix + "MessageHolder: " + MessageUtil.renderCounts(holder));
    }
      /**
       * Print all message to the print stream, starting each on a new line
       * @param messageHolder
       * @param out
     * @see #print(PrintStream, String, IMessageHolder, IMessageRenderer, IMessageHandler)
       */
00249       public static void print(PrintStream out, IMessageHolder messageHolder) {
        print(out, messageHolder, (String) null, (IMessageRenderer) null, (IMessageHandler) null);
    }
            
    /**
     * Print all message to the print stream, starting each on a new line,
     * with a prefix.
     * @param messageHolder
     * @param out
     * @see #print(PrintStream, String, IMessageHolder, IMessageRenderer, IMessageHandler)
     */
00260     public static void print(PrintStream out, IMessageHolder holder, String prefix) {
        print(out, holder, prefix, (IMessageRenderer) null, (IMessageHandler) null);
    }
    
    /**
     * Print all message to the print stream, starting each on a new line,
     * with a prefix and using a renderer.
     * @param messageHolder
     * @param out
     * @param renderer IMessageRender to render result - use MESSAGE_LINE if null
     * @see #print(PrintStream, String, IMessageHolder, IMessageRenderer, IMessageHandler)
     */
00272     public static void print(PrintStream out, IMessageHolder holder, String prefix,
        IMessageRenderer renderer) {
        print(out, holder, prefix, renderer, (IMessageHandler) null);
    }
        
    /**
     * Print all message to the print stream, starting each on a new line,
     * with a prefix and using a renderer.
     * The first line renders a summary: {prefix}MessageHolder: {summary}
     * Each message line has the following form:
     *   <pre>{prefix}[{kind} {index}]: {rendering}</pre>
     * (where "{index}" (length 3) is the position within
     * the set of like-kinded messages, ignoring selector omissions.
     * Renderers are free to render multi-line output.
     * @param out the PrintStream sink - return silently if null
     * @param messageHolder the IMessageHolder with the messages to print
     * @param renderer IMessageRender to render result - use MESSAGE_ALL if null
     * @param selector IMessageHandler to select messages to render - if null, do all non-null
     */
00291     public static void print(PrintStream out, IMessageHolder holder, String prefix,
        IMessageRenderer renderer, IMessageHandler selector) {
        print(out, holder, prefix, renderer, selector, true);
    }
    
    public static void print(PrintStream out, IMessageHolder holder, String prefix,
        IMessageRenderer renderer, IMessageHandler selector, boolean printSummary) {
        if ((null == out) || (null == holder)) {
            return;
        }
        if (null == renderer) {
            renderer = MESSAGE_ALL;
        }
        if (null == selector) {
            selector = PICK_ALL;
        }
        if (printSummary) {
            out.println(prefix + "MessageHolder: " + MessageUtil.renderCounts(holder));
        }
        for (Iterator iter = IMessage.KINDS.iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
            IMessage.Kind kind = (IMessage.Kind) iter.next();
            if (!selector.isIgnoring(kind)) {
                IMessage[] messages = holder.getMessages(kind, IMessageHolder.EQUAL);
                for (int i = 0; i < messages.length; i++) {
                    if (selector.handleMessage(messages[i])) {
                        String label = (null == prefix
                            ? ""
                            : prefix + "[" + kind + " " + LangUtil.toSizedString(i, 3) + "]: ");
                        out.println(label + renderer.renderToString(messages[i]));
                    }
                }
            }
        }
    }
 
    public static String toShortString(IMessage message) {
        if (null == message) {
            return "null";
        }
        String m = message.getMessage();
        Throwable t = message.getThrown();
        
        return (message.getKind() + (null == m ? "" : ": " + m)
            + (null == t ? "" : ": " + LangUtil.unqualifiedClassName(t)));
    }
    
    /** @return int number of message of this kind (optionally or greater) in list */
00338     public static int numMessages(List messages, Kind kind, boolean orGreater) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(messages)) {
            return 0;
        }
        IMessageHandler selector = makeSelector(kind, orGreater, null);
        IMessage[] result = visitMessages(messages, selector, true, false);
        return result.length;
    }

    
    /** 
     * Select all messages in holder except those of the same
     * kind (optionally or greater).
     * If kind is null, then all messages are rejected,
     * so an empty list is returned.
     * @return unmodifiable list of specified IMessage  
     */
00355     public static IMessage[] getMessagesExcept(IMessageHolder holder, 
            final IMessage.Kind kind, final boolean orGreater) { 
        if ((null == holder) || (null == kind)) {
            return new IMessage[0];
        }
        
        IMessageHandler selector = new IMessageHandler(){
            public boolean handleMessage(IMessage message) {
                IMessage.Kind test = message.getKind();
                return (!(orGreater
                        ? kind.isSameOrLessThan(test)
                        : kind == test));
            }
            public boolean isIgnoring(Kind kind) {
                return false;
            }
            public void dontIgnore(IMessage.Kind kind) {
                
            }
                  public void ignore(Kind kind) {
                  }
        };
        return visitMessages(holder, selector, true, false);
    }

    /** @return unmodifiable list of IMessage complying with parameters */
00381     public static List getMessages(IMessageHolder holder, 
            IMessage.Kind kind, boolean orGreater, String infix) { // XXX untested
        if (null == holder) {
            return Collections.EMPTY_LIST;
        }
        if ((null == kind) && LangUtil.isEmpty(infix)) {
            return holder.getUnmodifiableListView();
        }
        IMessageHandler selector = makeSelector(kind, orGreater, infix);
        IMessage[] messages = visitMessages(holder, selector, true, false);
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(messages)) {
            return Collections.EMPTY_LIST;
        }
        return Collections.unmodifiableList(Arrays.asList(messages));
    }

      /**
       * Extract messages of type kind from the input list.
     * 
       * @param messages if null, return EMPTY_LIST
       * @param kind if null, return messages
     * @see MessageHandler#getMessages(Kind)
       */
00404       public static List getMessages(List messages, IMessage.Kind kind) {
       if (null == messages) {
            return Collections.EMPTY_LIST;
       }
       if (null == kind) {
            return messages;
       }
        ArrayList result = new ArrayList();
        for (Iterator iter = messages.iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
            IMessage element = (IMessage) iter.next();
            if (kind == element.getKind()) {
                result.add(element);
            }
        }
        if (0 == result.size()) {
            return Collections.EMPTY_LIST;
        }
        return result;
      }

      /**
       * Map to the kind of messages associated with this string key.
       * @param kind the String representing the kind of message (IMessage.Kind.toString())
       * @return Kind the associated IMessage.Kind, or null if not found
       */
00429       public static IMessage.Kind getKind(String kind) {
        if (null != kind) {
            kind = kind.toLowerCase();
           for (Iterator iter = IMessage.KINDS.iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
                        IMessage.Kind k = (IMessage.Kind) iter.next();
                  if (kind.equals(k.toString())) {
                    return k;
                }
            }
        }
            return null;
      }
    
    /** 
     * Run visitor over the set of messages in holder,
     * optionally accumulating those accepted by the visitor
     */
00446     public static IMessage[] visitMessages(IMessageHolder holder, 
            IMessageHandler visitor, boolean accumulate, boolean abortOnFail) {
        if (null == holder) {
            return IMessage.RA_IMessage;
        } else {
            return visitMessages(holder.getUnmodifiableListView(), visitor, accumulate, abortOnFail);
        }
    }

    /** 
     * Run visitor over the set of messages in holder,
     * optionally accumulating those accepted by the visitor
     */
00459     public static IMessage[] visitMessages(IMessage[] messages, 
            IMessageHandler visitor, boolean accumulate, boolean abortOnFail) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(messages)) {
            return IMessage.RA_IMessage;
        } else {
            return visitMessages(Arrays.asList(messages), visitor, accumulate, abortOnFail);
        }
    }
    
    /** 
     * Run visitor over a collection of messages,
     * optionally accumulating those accepted by the visitor
     * @param messages if null or empty, return IMessage.RA_IMessage
     * @param visitor run visitor.handleMessage(message) on each
     *         message - if null and messages not empty, IllegalArgumentException
     * @param accumulate if true, then return accepted IMessage[]
     * @param abortOnFail if true and visitor returns false, stop visiting
     * @return IMessage.RA_IMessage if collection is empty, if not accumulate,
     *          or if visitor accepted no IMessage, 
     *          or IMessage[] of accepted messages otherwise
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if any in collection are not instanceof IMessage
     */
00481     public static IMessage[] visitMessages(Collection /*IMessage*/ messages, 
            IMessageHandler visitor, final boolean accumulate, final boolean abortOnFail) {
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(messages)) {
            return IMessage.RA_IMessage;
        }        
        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(visitor, "visitor");
        ArrayList result = (accumulate ? new ArrayList() : null);
        for (Iterator iter = messages.iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
                  Object o = iter.next();
            LangUtil.throwIaxIfFalse(o instanceof IMessage, "expected IMessage, got " + o);
            IMessage m = (IMessage) o;
            if (visitor.handleMessage(m)) {
                if (accumulate) {
                    result.add(m);
                }
            } else if (abortOnFail) {
                break;
            }                 
            }
        if (!accumulate || (0 == result.size())) {
            return IMessage.RA_IMessage;
        } else {
            return (IMessage[]) result.toArray(IMessage.RA_IMessage);
        }
    }
    
    /** 
     * Make an IMessageHandler that handles IMessage if they have the right kind
     * (or greater) and contain some infix String.
     * @param kind the IMessage.Kind required of the message
     * @param orGreater if true, also accept messages with greater kinds, as
     *         defined by IMessage.Kind.COMPARATOR
     * @param infix the String text to require in the message - may be null or empty
     *         to accept any message with the specified kind.
     * @return IMessageHandler selector that works to param specs
     */
00517     public static IMessageHandler makeSelector(IMessage.Kind kind, boolean orGreater, String infix) {
        if (!orGreater && LangUtil.isEmpty(infix)) {
            if (kind == IMessage.ABORT) {
                return PICK_ABORT;
            } else if (kind == IMessage.DEBUG) {
                return PICK_DEBUG;
            } else if (kind == IMessage.DEBUG) {
                return PICK_DEBUG;
            } else if (kind == IMessage.ERROR) {
                return PICK_ERROR;
            } else if (kind == IMessage.FAIL) {
                return PICK_FAIL;
            } else if (kind == IMessage.INFO) {
                return PICK_INFO;
            } else if (kind == IMessage.WARNING) {
                return PICK_WARNING;
            }
        }
        return new KindSelector(kind, orGreater, infix);        
    }
    
    // ------------------ visitors to select messages
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_ALL = new KindSelector((IMessage.Kind) null);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_ABORT = new KindSelector(IMessage.ABORT);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_DEBUG = new KindSelector(IMessage.DEBUG);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_ERROR = new KindSelector(IMessage.ERROR);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_FAIL = new KindSelector(IMessage.FAIL);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_INFO = new KindSelector(IMessage.INFO);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_WARNING = new KindSelector(IMessage.WARNING);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_ABORT_PLUS = new KindSelector(IMessage.ABORT, true);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_DEBUG_PLUS = new KindSelector(IMessage.DEBUG, true);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_ERROR_PLUS = new KindSelector(IMessage.ERROR, true);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_FAIL_PLUS = new KindSelector(IMessage.FAIL, true);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_INFO_PLUS = new KindSelector(IMessage.INFO, true);
    public static final IMessageHandler PICK_WARNING_PLUS = new KindSelector(IMessage.WARNING, true);


    /** implementation for PICK_... constants */
00555     private static class KindSelector implements IMessageHandler {
        final IMessage.Kind sought;
        final boolean floor;
        final String infix;
    
        KindSelector(IMessage.Kind sought) {
            this(sought, false);
        }
    
        KindSelector(IMessage.Kind sought, boolean floor) {
            this(sought, floor, null);
        }
    
        KindSelector(IMessage.Kind sought, boolean floor, String infix) {
            this.sought = sought;
            this.floor = floor;
            this.infix = (LangUtil.isEmpty(infix) ? null : infix);
        }
        
        /** @return false if this message is null,
         * of true if we seek any kind (null)
         * or if this has the exact kind we seek
         * and this has any text sought
         */
00579       public boolean handleMessage(IMessage message) {
            return ((null != message) && !isIgnoring(message.getKind())
                && textIn(message));
      }
    
        /** @return true if handleMessage would return false for a message of this kind */
00585         public boolean isIgnoring(IMessage.Kind kind) {            
            if (!floor) {
                return ((null != sought) && (sought != kind));
            } else if (null == sought) {
                return false;
            } else {
                return (0 < IMessage.Kind.COMPARATOR.compare(sought, kind));
            }
        }

00595         public void dontIgnore(IMessage.Kind kind) {
            
        }

        private boolean textIn(IMessage message) {
            if (null == infix) {
                return true;
            }
            String text = message.getMessage();
            return (text.indexOf(infix)!=-1);
        }

            public void ignore(Kind kind) {
            }
    }

    // ------------------ components to render  messages
    /** parameterize rendering behavior for messages */
00613     public static interface IMessageRenderer {
        String renderToString(IMessage message);
    }


    /** render message more verbosely if it is worse */
00619     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_SCALED = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_SCALED"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            if (null == message) {
                return "((IMessage) null)";
            }
            IMessage.Kind kind = message.getKind();
            int level = 3;
            if ((kind == IMessage.ABORT) || (kind == IMessage.FAIL)) {
                level = 1;
            } else if ((kind == IMessage.ERROR) || (kind == IMessage.WARNING)) {
                level = 2;
            } else {
                level = 3;
            }
            String result = null;
            switch (level) {
                case (1) :
                    result = MESSAGE_TOSTRING.renderToString(message);
                break;
                case (2) :
                    result = MESSAGE_LINE.renderToString(message);
                break;
                case (3) :
                    result = MESSAGE_SHORT.renderToString(message);
                break;
            }
            Throwable thrown = message.getThrown();
            if (null != thrown) {
                if (level == 3) {
                    result += "Thrown: \n" + LangUtil.renderExceptionShort(thrown);
                } else {
                    result += "Thrown: \n" + LangUtil.renderException(thrown);
                }
            }
                    
            return result;
        }
    };

    /** render message as label, i.e., less than 33 char */
00660     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_LABEL = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_LABEL"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            if (null == message) {
                return "((IMessage) null)";
            }
            return renderMessageLine(message, 5, 5, 32);
        }
    };

    /** render message as label, i.e., less than 33 char, with no source location */
00671     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_LABEL_NOLOC = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_LABEL_NOLOC"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            if (null == message) {
                return "((IMessage) null)";
            }
            return renderMessageLine(message, 10, 0, 32);
        }
    };

    /** render message as line, i.e., less than 75 char, no internal line sep */
00682     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_LINE = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_LINE"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            if (null == message) {
                return "((IMessage) null)";
            }
            return renderMessageLine(message, 8, 2, 74);
        }
    };
    
    /** render message as line, i.e., less than 75 char, no internal line sep, 
     * trying to trim text as needed to end with a full source location */
00694     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_LINE_FORCE_LOC = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_LINE_FORCE_LOC"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            if (null == message) {
                return "((IMessage) null)";
            }
            return renderMessageLine(message, 2, 40, 74);
        }
    };
    
    /** render message without restriction, up to 10K, including throwable */
00705     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_ALL = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_ALL"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            return renderMessage(message);
        }
    };

//    /** render message without restriction, up to 10K, including (but eliding) throwable */
//    public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_ALL_ELIDED= new IMessageRenderer() {
//        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_ALL_ELIDED"; }
//        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
//            return renderMessage(message, true);
//        }
//    };

    /** render message without restriction, except any Throwable thrown */
00721     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_MOST = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_MOST"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            if (null == message) {
                return "((IMessage) null)";
            }
            return renderMessageLine(message, 1, 1, 10000);
        }
    };

    /** render message as wide line, i.e., less than 256 char, no internal line sep,
     *  except any Throwable thrown  
     */
00734     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_WIDELINE = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_WIDELINE"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            if (null == message) {
                return "((IMessage) null)";
            }
            return renderMessageLine(message, 8, 2, 255); // XXX revert to 256
        }
    };
    /** render message using its toString() or "((IMessage) null)" */
00744     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_TOSTRING = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_TOSTRING"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            if (null == message) {
                return "((IMessage) null)";
            }
            return message.toString();
        }
    };

    /** render message using toShortString(IMessage)" */
00755     public static final IMessageRenderer MESSAGE_SHORT = new IMessageRenderer() {
        public String toString() { return "MESSAGE_SHORT"; }
        public String renderToString(IMessage message) {
            return toShortString(message);
        }
    };

    /** 
     * This renders IMessage as String, ignoring empty elements
     * and eliding any thrown stack traces.
     * @return "((IMessage) null)" if null or String rendering otherwise,
     *           including everything (esp. throwable stack trace)
     * @see renderSourceLocation(ISourceLocation loc)
     */
00769     public static String renderMessage(IMessage message) {
        return renderMessage(message, true);
    }
    
    /** 
     * This renders IMessage as String, ignoring empty elements
     * and eliding any thrown.
     * @return "((IMessage) null)" if null or String rendering otherwise,
     *           including everything (esp. throwable stack trace)
     * @see renderSourceLocation(ISourceLocation loc)
     */
00780     public static String renderMessage(IMessage message, boolean elide) {
        if (null == message) {
            return "((IMessage) null)";
        }
       
        ISourceLocation loc = message.getSourceLocation();
        String locString = (null == loc ? "" : " at " + loc);
        
        String result = message.getKind() + locString + " " + message.getMessage();
      
        Throwable thrown = message.getThrown();
        if (thrown != null) {
            result += " -- " + LangUtil.renderExceptionShort(thrown);  
            result += "\n" + LangUtil.renderException(thrown, elide);         
        }
        
        if (message.getExtraSourceLocations().isEmpty()) {
            return result;    
        }
        else {
            return addExtraSourceLocations(message, result);    
        }
    }

      public static String addExtraSourceLocations(
            IMessage message,
            String baseMessage)
      {
            StringWriter buf = new StringWriter();
            PrintWriter writer = new PrintWriter(buf);
            writer.println(baseMessage);
            for (Iterator iter = message.getExtraSourceLocations().iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
                ISourceLocation element = (ISourceLocation) iter.next();
                if (element!=null) {
                  writer.print("\tsee also: " + element.toString());
                      if (iter.hasNext()) {
                          writer.println();
                      }
                }
            }
            try { buf.close(); } 
            catch (IOException ioe) {} 
            return buf.getBuffer().toString();    
      }
    
    
    
    
    
    
    /**
     * Render ISourceLocation to String, ignoring empty elements
     * (null or ISourceLocation.NO_FILE or ISourceLocation.NO_COLUMN
     * (though implementations may return 0 from getColumn() when
     * passed NO_COLUMN as input)).
     * @return "((ISourceLocation) null)" if null or String rendering 
     *          <pre>{file:}line{:column}</pre>
     *           
     */
00839     public static String renderSourceLocation(ISourceLocation loc) {
        if (null == loc) {
            return "((ISourceLocation) null)";
        }
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        
        File sourceFile = loc.getSourceFile();
        if (sourceFile != ISourceLocation.NO_FILE) {
            sb.append(sourceFile.getPath());
            sb.append(":");
        }
        int line = loc.getLine();
        sb.append("" + line);
        
        int column = loc.getColumn();
        if (column != ISourceLocation.NO_COLUMN) {
            sb.append(":" + column);
        }
        
        return sb.toString();
    }

    /** 
     * Render message in a line.
     * IMessage.Kind is always printed, then any unqualified exception class,
     * then the remainder of text and location according to their relative scale,
     * all to fit in max characters or less.
     * This does not render thrown except for the unqualified class name
     * @param max the number of characters - forced to 32..10000
     * @param textScale relative proportion to spend on message and/or exception
     *         message, relative to source location - if 0, message is suppressed
     * @param locScale relative proportion to spend on source location 
     *         suppressed if 0
     * @return "((IMessage) null)" or message per spec
     */
00874     public static String renderMessageLine(
        IMessage message, 
        int textScale, 
        int locScale, 
        int max) {
        
        if (null == message) {
            return "((IMessage) null)";
        }
        if (max < 32) {
            max = 32;
        } else if (max > 10000) {
            max = 10000;
        }
        if (0 > textScale) {
            textScale = -textScale;
        }
        if (0 > locScale) {
            locScale = -locScale;
        }

        String text = message.getMessage();
        Throwable thrown = message.getThrown();
        ISourceLocation sl = message.getSourceLocation();
        IMessage.Kind kind = message.getKind();
        StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer();
        result.append(kind.toString());
        result.append(": ");
        if (null != thrown) {
            result.append(LangUtil.unqualifiedClassName(thrown) + " ");
            if ((null == text) || ("".equals(text))) {
                text = thrown.getMessage();
            } 
        }

        if (0 == textScale) {
            text = "";
        } else if ((null != text) && (null != thrown)) {
            // decide between message and exception text?
            String s = thrown.getMessage();
            if ((null != s) && (0 < s.length())) {
                text += " - " + s;
            }
        }
        String loc = "";
        if ((0 != locScale) && (null != sl)) {
            File f = sl.getSourceFile();
            if (f == ISourceLocation.NO_FILE) {
                f = null;
            }
            if (null != f) {
                loc = f.getName();
            }
            int line = sl.getLine();
            int col = sl.getColumn();
            int end = sl.getEndLine();
            if ((0 == line) && (0 == col) && (0 == end)) {
                // ignore numbers if default
            } else {
                loc += ":" + line + (col == 0 ? "" : ":" + col);
                if (line != end) { // XXX consider suppressing nonstandard...
                    loc += ":" + end;
                }
            }
            if (!LangUtil.isEmpty(loc)) {
                loc = "@[" + loc; // matching "]" added below after clipping
            }
        }

        // now budget between text and loc        
        float totalScale = locScale + textScale;
        float remainder = max - result.length() - 4;
        if ((remainder > 0) && (0 < totalScale)) {
            int textSize = (int) (remainder * textScale/totalScale);
            int locSize  = (int) (remainder * locScale/totalScale);
            // adjust for underutilization
            int extra = locSize - loc.length();
            if (0 < extra) {
                locSize = loc.length();
                textSize += extra;
            }
            extra = textSize - text.length();
            if (0 < extra) {
                textSize = text.length();
                if (locSize < loc.length()) {
                    locSize += extra;
                }
            }
            if (locSize > loc.length()) {
                locSize = loc.length();
            }
            if (textSize > text.length()) {
                textSize = text.length();
            }
            if (0 < textSize) {
                result.append(text.substring(0, textSize));
            }
            if (0 < locSize) {
                if (0 < textSize) {
                    result.append(" ");
                }
                result.append(loc.substring(0, locSize) + "]");
            }
        }
        return result.toString();
    }

      /** @return String of the form "{(# {type}) }.." for message kinds, skipping 0 */
00982     public static String renderCounts(IMessageHolder holder) {
        if (0 == holder.numMessages(null, false)) {
            return "(0 messages)";
        }
        StringBuffer sb = new StringBuffer();
        for (Iterator iter = IMessage.KINDS.iterator(); iter.hasNext();) {
                  IMessage.Kind kind = (IMessage.Kind) iter.next();
                  int num = holder.numMessages(kind, false);
            if (0 < num) {
                sb.append(" (" + num + " " + kind + ") ");
            }
            }
        return sb.toString();
    }
    
    /** 
     * Factory for handler adapted to PrintStream 
     * XXX weak - only handles println(String) 
     * @param handler the IMessageHandler sink for the messages generated
     * @param kind the IMessage.Kind of message to create
     * @param overage the OuputStream for text not captured by the handler
     *         (if null, System.out used)
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if kind or handler is null
     */
01006     public static PrintStream handlerPrintStream(final IMessageHandler handler, 
        final IMessage.Kind kind, final OutputStream overage, final String prefix) {
        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(handler, "handler");
        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(kind, "kind");
        class HandlerPrintStream extends PrintStream {
             HandlerPrintStream() {
                super(null == overage ? System.out : overage);
             }            
            public void println() {
                println("");
            }
            public void println(Object o) {
                println(null == o ? "null" : o.toString());
            }
                  public void println(String input) {
                String textMessage = (null == prefix ? input : prefix + input);
                IMessage m = new Message(textMessage, kind, null, null);
                handler.handleMessage(m);
                  }
        }
        return new HandlerPrintStream();
    }

    /** utility class */
01030     private MessageUtil() {}

    /**
     * Handle all messages in the second handler using the first
     * @param handler the IMessageHandler sink for all messages in source
     * @param holder the IMessageHolder source for all messages to handle
     * @param fastFail if true, stop on first failure
     * @return false if any sink.handleMessage(..) failed
     */
01039     public static boolean handleAll(
        IMessageHandler sink, 
        IMessageHolder source,
        boolean fastFail) {
        return handleAll(sink, source, null, true, fastFail);
    }
    
    /**
     * Handle messages in the second handler using the first
     * @param handler the IMessageHandler sink for all messages in source
     * @param holder the IMessageHolder source for all messages to handle
     * @param kind the IMessage.Kind to select, if not null
     * @param orGreater if true, also accept greater kinds
     * @param fastFail if true, stop on first failure
     * @return false if any sink.handleMessage(..) failed
     */
01055     public static boolean handleAll(
        IMessageHandler sink, 
        IMessageHolder source,
        IMessage.Kind kind,
        boolean orGreater, 
        boolean fastFail) {
        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(sink, "sink");
        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(source, "source");
        return handleAll(sink, source.getMessages(kind, orGreater), fastFail);
    }
    
    /**
     * Handle messages in the second handler using the first
     * if they are NOT of this kind (optionally, or greater).
     * If you pass null as the kind, then all messages are 
     * ignored and this returns true.
     * @param handler the IMessageHandler sink for all messages in source
     * @param holder the IMessageHolder source for all messages to handle
     * @param kind the IMessage.Kind to reject, if not null
     * @param orGreater if true, also reject greater kinds
     * @param fastFail if true, stop on first failure
     * @return false if any sink.handleMessage(..) failed
     */
01078     public static boolean handleAllExcept(
        IMessageHandler sink, 
        IMessageHolder source,
        IMessage.Kind kind,
        boolean orGreater, 
        boolean fastFail) {
        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(sink, "sink");
        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(source, "source");
        if (null == kind) {
            return true;
        }
        IMessage[] messages = getMessagesExcept(source, kind, orGreater);
        return handleAll(sink, messages, fastFail);
    }

    /**
     * Handle messages in the sink.
     * @param handler the IMessageHandler sink for all messages in source
     * @param sources the IMessage[] messages to handle
     * @param fastFail if true, stop on first failure
     * @return false if any sink.handleMessage(..) failed
     * @throws IllegalArgumentException if sink is null
     */
01101     public static boolean handleAll(
        IMessageHandler sink, 
        IMessage[] sources,
        boolean fastFail) {
        LangUtil.throwIaxIfNull(sink, "sink");
        if (LangUtil.isEmpty(sources)) {
            return true;
        }
        boolean result = true;
        for (int i = 0; i < sources.length; i++) {
            if (!sink.handleMessage(sources[i])) {
                if (fastFail) {
                    return false;
                }
                if (result) {
                    result = false;
                }
            }
        }
        return result;
    }
}

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